|Dizzy Gillespie is one of the founding fathers of modern jazz and a major figure in 20th-century American music. His puffed cheeks and bent trumpet made him one of the world's most instantly recognizable figures. In 1939, he joined Cab Calloway's band and stayed for two years, then worked briefly with big bands led by Ella Fitzgerald, Claude Hopkins, Les Hite, Lucky Millender, Charlie Barnet, Fletcher Henderson and Benny Carter. In the early 1940's, he and alto saxophonist Charlie Parker, he created the jazz style known as be-bop, a revolution that has become jazz's most induring style. In June of 1945, he led his own small band which later that year was augmented into a big band. During the late 1940s, 1950s and 1960s, Dizzy alternated between leading small and big bands. Dizzy also did concert tours as a soloist with the "Jazz At The Philharmonic" presentations. He continued to do widespread touring during the late 1970s, mainly with a quintet, with many overseas visits to Africa, Australia, Cuba, Europe, etc. Gillespie was featured at President Jimmy Carter's 1978 White House Jazz Party and induced Carter to provide the vocals for a rendition of "Salt Peanuts." In the last decade, his career seemed recharged. In honor of his 75th birthday, Dizzy was booked into the Blue Note in New York City for an entire month. Gillespie's rapport with audiences was equally golden, yet never got in the way of the music he offered. He was a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 1990. He died on Jan. 6, 1993, of cancer. In 1960, Gillespie was elected by the Readers into the Down Beat Hall of Fame.